Afghanistan – One year after the fall of Kabul (August 15, 2022)

One year after the Taliban took power by force in Afghanistan, the facts are clear: the humanitarian situation has deteriorated dramatically and human rights violations are constantly on the rise, as highlighted in the report by the July 20 from the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).

Despite their commitments, the decisions taken by the Taliban over the past year demonstrate their disrespect for the expectations of the international community as set out in UN Security Council Resolution 2593.

These five demands stated:

• the safe and unhindered departure of Afghans and all foreign nationals wishing to leave the country;

• guaranteed humanitarian access throughout Afghanistan;

• respect for human rights, and in particular the rights of women and girls;

• the severing of all direct or indirect links, including financial ones, with terrorist groups, and in particular with al-Qaeda;

• the establishment of a transitional government representative of the entire Afghan people and responding to the aspirations of the people.

The presence of Al-Qaeda terrorist leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri in the very heart of Kabul is a glaring example.

France condemns in the strongest terms the multiplication of serious and continuous violations of human rights, in particular against Afghan women and girls, whom the Taliban have prohibited, among other things, from traveling more than 72 kilometers without a male relative (December 2021), flying alone (March) and going to secondary school (March). The Taliban also forced them to wear the full veil (May). We call on the Taliban to reverse these unacceptable decisions, which exclude half of the Afghan population from the public sphere and jeopardize the country’s prospects for economic and social development.

In this year of the centenary of Franco-Afghan relations, France reaffirms its solidarity and its support for the Afghans. It has thus delivered, since August 15, 2021, more than 120 million euros in humanitarian aid to the Afghan population. It will remain mobilized with its European and international partners to bring about a peaceful, sovereign Afghanistan that respects the rights and freedoms of all its citizens.

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